Putting research into practice: Training academics to use Open Data as OER: An experience from Uruguay

2016-07-06 11.19.53

View from the lecture theatre after the storm (by me under CC_BY_NC)

Post written by Javiera Atenas  (@jatenas)

Last week Chiara CiociolaManuel Podetti  and myself – with the help from OD4D and ILDA that  supported us on developing this project- ran a three-day workshop in Montevideo, in which we trained a group of academics, secondary school teachers, librarians, public sector professionals and postgraduate students in using Open Data as Open Educational Resources, and by working in groups they projected a research, explored the data and communicated the results using data journalism techniques.

40 (amazingly motivated) people attended the course during the 3 days despite the weather (torrential rains I brought all the way down from London). With the academic support and expertise of Manuel Podetti and Virginia Rodés from Núcleo REA (Universidad de la República) and with the invluable collaboration of Carolina Veiga and Daniel Carranza from Data Uruguay,  the participants achieved so much, leaving us amazed by setting up the bar so high.

The course design was a team effort, I had my very own ideas, taken mostly from the research Leo Havemann and I have done on Open Data as Open Educational Resources (book + paper), but it was inspired by the methodology developed by A Scuola di Open Coesione, and in the work Chiara Ciociola and Luigi Reggi  do on Open Data for civic engagement. Also, we had lots of support from Silvia Sanjuan to develop the materials in Spanish and got lots of ideas for this course from Nelson Piedra, Annalisa Manca, Francesca de Chiara, Mor Rubistein, Carla Bonina, Tim Coughlan and Fabrizio Scrollini.

To develop the course content, I looked into best practices on Open Data related literacies, and got some great content from Escuela de Datos and Open Knowledge International to introduce the participants to Open Data. But also, got help gathering resources, tutorials, ideas and good examples from Mariel García, Camila Salazar, Hassell Fallas, Juan Manuel Casanueva, Silvana Fumega and many other friends from Abrelatam, to all of whom I’m really thankful.

The course was outlined in three stages [project, explore and narrate] using a critical pedagogy approach to develop – in a short period of time – the skills needed to use open data as teaching and learning resources in formal and informal learning environments, working in multidisciplinary contexts and involving the civil society in the projects, to work with students into solving real life problems towards developing critical thinking and citizenship skills.

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Image by Manuel Podetti

On the first day [project], during the morning, the participants were introduced to the world of Openness (Open Licenses, Open Data and Open Educational Resources) and its basic tools. The afternoon started with the group work, setting up the first challenge: To work in groups and find a real life problem and to project a research question out of it which could be answered by using open data as core research element. So the participants gather up in multidisciplinary teams in which each participant had a specific role (project manager, designer, principal researcher, journalist or analyst) and by the end of the day, they all had a research problem, a research method and potential open data portals and documentation to gather information.

On the second day [explore], during the morning we reviewed tools to create datasets and to visualise data. During the afternoon, the participants started to report into the research problems and – with the help of lots of Mate to keep us warm and awake – presented the initial results of their research. Also, we had an interesting discussion about their views and perceptions on the pedagogical value of their projects, with a focus on the challenges they have faced and what they have achieved so far, looking into ways to embed these new data-led practices for teaching students or for training communities.


Image by Chiara Ciociola

On the third day [narrate] on the morning session, we looked into Data Journalism techniques and examples, we reviewed the news from traditional newspapers and compared them with news from Data Journalism portals, and discussed ways to embed data journalism techniques into teaching and learning to improve students’ communication skills and numeracies. During the afternoon, the groups worked into reporting the outcomes of their research in the READA-UdelaR Blog and finally presented the results of their projects.

As can be seen in the READA blog , the groups chose a diverse range of themes and topics, and also, chose different approaches and methods to analyse the data and to present the outcomes. One of the things that most surprised us, it was the speed in which they became empowered and started trying to access to public data that was not yet open, dealing with FOI requests and contacting the organisations that must have provided with the data.

Every group dealt with a different issue, from access to food to road accidents, they all used different research methodologies and reported and various and diverse ways. All their projects targeted real life problems, and in three days, every group was able to came with a research outcome and proposed solutions, they all presented nice and insightful infographics and participated in a panel where they discussed with the rest of the course the lessons learned, the challenges faced and sought for ideas to embed this practice into the classroom.

Also, it was interesting to see the landscape of opportunities they described as potential pedagogical uses of open data in formal and informal education, such as “provide the students with a different perspective to access information widening their panoramas“; “to empower students as citizens by giving them innovative tools to collect information and data“; “to explain the students the laws that allow them to get the data they need and to use it as an act of civic responsibility” and also, “to work with my colleagues to help students to work in multidisciplinary projects“.

From my side, I did learn a lot, both as a researcher and as a trainer, I loved the experience, the group of collaborators and participants was amazing, we were happily exhausted by the end of it, the motivation was contagious. I know there are some bits to improve in the course, but for being the first experience of this kind, I could not ask for more, I am really grateful for this opportunity and I’m looking forward to run this workshop again, as it was an incredible experience.

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Organisations that supported and or sponsored this project


Bibliography of OER, ROER and related subjects (PART 1)

*** As I got a very large list of references by  @edaberta about OER research in Portuguese  and by @fagottissimo on the literature they collected for the Wikijis project I will continue this post in a part II and possibly in a part III.

**Updated on the 8th of October with part of the Portuguese literature in OER**

During the last 4 years and with a little help of my friends (mostly @leohavemann & @ernestopriego) I collected a large (very large) list of references on OER, Open Education, Open Educational Practices, repositories, open access and related themes which I used to write my PhD and all the papers / columns / presentations we have written, and, basically this lists has been stored in my ref management system for a while, quietly, but suddenly this week I been asked to share my list of references by few of my fellow OER researchers, so here it is… but before start, please read the notes below

  • Please bear in mind this is my very personal OER bibliography, and I’m sure I’m forgetting to add some super important references and key resources, or that there are some mistakes in this post, so, if you are twisting your head around and crawling on the ceiling like Linda Blair because I forgot to add THAT piece of research or because the reference is not correct, please forgive me and send me the reference and/or the link to the paper.
  • If you have written some research (papers, conferences papers, dissertations et al.) in open education, OER, open repositories of T&L resources et al., in any language and you would like to see the reference on this post, simply add the papers’ reference (APA – MLA) in the comments area, or send me a tweet with the link. Please send over only published – peer reviewed articles, as I cannot refer blog posts or other online materials, and make sure you add the link to retrieve the resource. I will give preference to the papers published in Open Access Journals as they are accessible to all…
  • Also, there is a possibility (well, I’m sure) that some of the links are broken, sorry for that, the best way to retrieve a paper with a broken link is by going to Google Scholar – your local library system and search for it. I don’t think I will have the time to fix broken links because, as you might know, managing references is like having a leaking ceiling, you fix one hole and starts dripping somewhere else.
  • Finally, if you find listed here a paper that speaks about OER, Open Access, OEP, and any other open concept but is chained to a paywall journal, first inhale and exhale a few times and the try contacting the author(s) of the article asking them why? (why, why, why?…) and maybe, ping the paper’s URL to the friends from the Open Access Button @oa_button to raise awareness about the value of open access and also to highlight the open content / paywalled published contradiction…

So, the reference list is here, is not perfect I know but hope is useful…

Bibliography of OER – ROER – RLO related themes

Abegg, I., Bastos, F. da P. de , Alberti, T. F., & Mallmann, E. M. (2013). MOOC mediado por REA : prática da liberdade nos programas de capacitação continuada no ensino superior. Retrieved from https://repositorioaberto.uab.pt/handle/10400.2/3076

Abeywardena, I., Raviraja, S., & Tham, C. (2012). Conceptual framework for parametrically measuring the desirability of open educational resources using D-index. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 5(3). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1177

Abeywardena, I., Gajaraj , D. and Choo, K. L (2013) Open educational resources in Malaysia. In: Open educational resources: an Asian perspective. Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, Canada, pp. 119-132. ISBN 9781894975612. Retrieved from http://eprint.wou.edu.my/50/

Abeywardena, I., Tham, C., & Raviraja, S. (2012). Conceptual Framework for Parametrically Measuring the Desirability of Open Educational Resources using D-Index. Journal of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 13(2). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1177/2181

Aguaded-Gómez, J. I. (2013). The MOOC Revolution: A new form of education from the technological paradigm? Comunicar, 21(41), 07–08. doi:10.3916/C41-2013-a1

 Albert, M.-T. (2012). Community development through World Heritage. World Heritage Papers 31 – Community Development through World Heritage, 31, 32 – 38. Retrieved from http://whc.unesco.org/documents/publi_wh_papers_31_en.pdf

 Alevizou, P. (2012a). Open to interpretation? : productive frameworks for understanding audience engagement with OER. In Cambridge 2012: Innovation and Impact – Openly Collaborating to Enhance Education, a joint meeting of OER12 and OpenCourseWare Consortium Global 2012. Cambridge. Retrieved from http://oro.open.ac.uk/33452/

Alencar, A., & Neto, J. M. (2012). Democratizando o Acesso à Vida e Obra de Paulo Freire: a experiência do Projeto Paulo Freire Memória e Presença. Anais dos Workshops do Congresso Brasileiro de Informática na Educação, 1(1). Retrieved from http://br-ie.org/pub/index.php/wcbie/article/view/1886

Almeida, L. B. de, Merkle, L. E., & Silva, E. A. (2012). Proposta de Fluxo de Trabalho para Organização de Repositórios Abertos de Maneira Colaborativa. Anais dos Workshops do Congresso Brasileiro de Informática na Educação, 1(1). Retrieved from http://br-ie.org/pub/index.php/wcbie/article/view/1885

Alevizou, P. (2012b). The dark side of the knowledge commons?: open educational media and tensions surrounding autonomy and novel spheres of control. In ECREA 2012 Pre-Conference: Imposing Freedoms: The Role of Copyright, Privacy and Censorship Governance in the Re/definition of Rights in Digital Media. Istanbul. Retrieved from http://oro.open.ac.uk/35483/

Almeida, Fernando José de , Silva, M. da G. M. da , & Franco, M. M. G. (2012). Materiais mediadores e abertos para construção de conhecimento. Retrieved from http://www.curriculosemfronteiras.org/vol12iss3articles/almeida-silva-franco.pdf

Amiel, T. (2013). Identifying Barriers to the Remix of Translated Open Educational Resources. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 14(1). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1351/2448

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Schaffert, S., & Geser, G. (2008). Open educational resources and practices. eLearning Papers, (February), 1–10. Retrieved from http://learn.creativecommons.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/05/open-educational-resources-and-practices.pdf

Schmidt-Jones, C. (2012). An Open Educational Resource Supports a Diversity of Inquiry-Based Learning. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, (2008). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1141/2074

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 Schuwer, R., & Mulder, F. (2009). OpenER, a Dutch initiative in Open Educational Resources. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 24(1), 67–76. doi:10.1080/02680510802627852

Schuwer, R., Wilson, T., Valkenburg, W. Van, & Lane, A. (2010). Production of OER : a quest for efficiency. In 7th Annual Open Education Conference. Barcelona. Retrieved from http://openaccess.uoc.edu/webapps/o2/handle/10609/5103

Shava, G., & Ndebele, C. (2014). Towards Achieving Quality Distance Education, Challenges and Opportunities: The Case of the Zimbabwe Open University. Journal of Social Sciences, 39(3), 317–330. Retrieved from http://www.krepublishers.com/02-Journals/JSS/JSS-39-0-000-14-Web/JSS-39-3-14-Abst-PDF/JSS-39-3-317-14-1553-Ndebele-C/JSS-39-3-317-14-1553-Ndebele-C-Tx%5B8%5D.pdf

Shum, S. B., & Liddo, A. De. (2010). Collective intelligence for OER sustainability. In OpenED2010: Seventh Annual Open Education Conference. Barcelona. Retrieved from http://openaccess.uoc.edu/webapps/o2/handle/10609/5085

Siemens, G. (2003). Why we should share learning resources. E-Learnspace, 29. Retrieved from http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/why_we_should_ share.htm

Siemens, G. (2004). Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. E-Learnspace. Retrieved from http://www.connectivism.ca

Silva, M. A. G. (2012, December 6). LOD: Uma abordagem para desenvolvimento de objetos de aprendizagem multimídia e interativos (Tese de Doutorado). Retrieved from http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/55/55134/tde-06122012-162839/pt-br.php

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Smith, M., & Casserly, C. (2006). The Promise of Open Educational Resources. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 38(5), 8 – 17. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3200/CHNG.38.5.8-17

South African Institute for Distance Education. (2013). OER Africa. Retrieved from http://www.oerafrica.org/about-us-2

Souza, M. de F. C. de. (2012). Customização Guiada: uma estratégia orientada a modelos para produção de objetos de aprendizagem. Retrieved fromhttp://capesdw.capes.gov.br/capesdw/resumo.html?idtese=20121222001018048P5

Starobinas, L. (2012). REA na educação básica: a colaborção como estratégia de enriquecimento dos processos de ensino-aprendizagem. In Recursos Educacionais Abertos: práticas colaborativas e políticas públicas (Vol. 1, pp. 121–132). São Paulo – SP; Salvador- BA. Retrieved from http://livrorea.net.br/livroREA-1edicao-mai2012.pdf

Swan, A. (2012). Policy guidelines for the development and promotion of open access. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002158/215863e.pdf

Tarrant, C. (2011). Guide to Open Learning. (E. J. Lepke, Ed.). Retrieved from http://www.iamcorbin.net/articles/openlearning/34-guide-to-open-learning-menu

 Timmermann, C. (2013). Life Sciences, Intellectual Property Regimes and Global Justice. Wageningen University. Retrieved from http://edepot.wur.nl/276714

 Tosato, P., & Bodi, G. (2011). Collaborative Environments to foster creativity, reuse and sharing of OER. European Journal of Open and Distance Learning, Special Ed(Special Edition OER), 1–6. Retrieved from http://www.eurodl.org/materials/special/2011/Tosato_Bodi.htm

 Tovar, E., Piedra, N., & Chicaiza, J. (2012). OER development and promotion. Outcomes of an international research project on the OpenCourseWare model. Journal of Universal Computer Science, 18(1), 123–141. Retrieved from http://www.jucs.org/jucs_18_1/oer_development_and_promotion/jucs_18_01_0123_0141_tovar.pdf

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Map of OER Repositories

Recently Leo @leohavemann and I were discussing on how was the best way to encourage academics to use OER and share their materials, how can we make them see at the impact that sharing content can have and after reviewing some very interesting models of data visualisation, we decided that the best way was to generate a map with a which contains the list taken from the directory of repositories of OER and some new more.

To access the Map of OER Repositories please go to  http://bit.ly/18NaDuu 


The University of Loja in Ecuador has developed an OER map we use as inspiration to showcase a large list of OCW and other initiatives http://serendipity.utpl.edu.ec/map/ so we thank Nelson @nopiedra for sharing his ideas with us. Also, we thank @gconole @fbocquet @Open_Education @alacre @polx @fatenas and @Andreas__Link for sharing repositories with us and for sharing the map around.

If you want us to tag another repository you can contact us by leaving a comment on the blog or in twitter to me @jatenas or Leo @leohavemann, just remember that we will only include repositories of OER, for institutional repositories of books, thesis and other documents you can contact the DOAR team as they are the experts.


Directory of OER repositories

Last update: 6th August 2014 –

Thanks to @OERhub team@nopiedra –  for sharing the data collected in their projects 

After weeks and weeks digging on the internet, reviewing hundreds of OER initiatives, projects, blogs and hashtags, and also harassing other OER enthusiasts and experts in twitter, I managed to develop a first version of a directory of OER repositories.

This version only includes the name of the repository, the URL and the country of the initiative and there are 73 OER repositories associated. If you know any other, if you see that I’m missing one (or many), if you are developing one, or you have any feedback, ideas or comments, please contact me on twitter @jatenas, as your input is really important for me.

I deliberatively did not include OWC, Institutional Repositories (articles, reports, thesis), ITunesU, MOOC initiatives, Open TextBooks, OpenAccess Repositories, sets of content that are not under CC licences such as BBC, or hybrid content repositories because this research is based on repositories of Open Educational Resources only.

Thanks to Andreas Link @elearning4, Abel Caine @abelcaine, Leo Havemann @leohavemann and Francisco Rojas @frojas_sateler for sharing resources and ideas.

Also thanks to (list growing):  @fagottissimo; @JanPawlowski@gildevic; @actwww; @fredgarnett; @curtrice; @ernestopriego;  @sarahthesheepu; @dkernohan; @alacre

See the directory here:

Name: Academic Earth
URL: http://academicearth.org/
Country: United States

Name: African Health OER Network
URL: http://www.oerafrica.org/healthoer
Country: Kenya

Name: Aljazeera creative commons repository
URL: http://cc.aljazeera.net/
Country: Qatar

Name: Almae Matris Studiorum Campus
URL: http://campus.unibo.it/
Country: Italy

Name: Ariadne
URL: http://www.ariadne-eu.org/
Country: European Union

Name: Banco de iten
URL: http://bi.gave.min-edu.pt/
Country: Portugal

Name: Banco de Objetos de Aprendizaje
URL: http://aplicaciones.virtual.unal.edu.co/drupal/?q=node/34
Country: Colombia

Name: Banco Internacional de Objetos Educacionais
URL: http://objetoseducacionais2.mec.gov.br
Country: Brazil

Name: Centro de Recursos para la Enseñanza y el Aprendizaje (CREA)
URL: http://www.crea.udg.mx/
Country: Mexico

Name: CChemCollective
URL: http://www.chemcollective.org/
Country: United Stated

Name: Commonwealth of Learning
URL: http://www.col.org/
Country: Canada

Name: Connexions
URL: http://cnx.org/
Country: United States

Name: Consortium for the Advancement of Undergraduate Statistics Education
URL: http://www.causeweb.org
Country: United States

Name: CSTC (Computing Science Teaching Center)
URL: http://www.cstc.org/
Country: United States

Name: Culturally Authentic Pictorial Lexicon
URL: http://capl.washjeff.edu
Country: United States

Name: Curriki
URL: http://welcome.curriki.org/
Country: United States

Name: Desarrolla, Aprende y Reutiliza (DAR)
URL: http://catedra.ruv.itesm.mx/
Country: Mexico

Name: Digiref
URL: http://www.digiref.se/index.php
Country: Sweden

Name: Digital Library for Earth System Education
URL: http://www.dlese.org/library/
Country: United States

Name: DUDA dk
URL: http://www.duda.dk
Country: Denmark

Name: Economics Network Online Learning and Teaching Materials
URL: http://www.economicsnetwork.ac.uk/links/othertl.htm
Country: United Kingdom

Name: Edu Fi
URL: http://www.edu.fi
Country: Finland

Name: Educar Chile
URL: http://www.educarchile.cl
Country: Chile

Name: Eduteka
URL: http://www.eduteka.org/
Country: Colombia

Name: eGyankosh
URL: http://www.egyankosh.ac.in/
Country: India

Name: EMU Danmarks lærninrsportal
URL: http://www.emu.dk/tema/kultur-og-læring
Country: Denmark

Name: Escuela virtual de Padres
URL: http://www.web-familias.com/
Country: Spain

Name: Everything Maths
URL: http://everythingmaths.co.za/
Country: South Africa

Name: Federal Resources for Educational Excellence
URL: http://www.free.ed.gov/index.cfm
Country: United States

Name: First World War Poetry Digital Archive
URL: http://www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/ww1lit/
Country: United Kingdom

Name: FREIburger Multimedia Object Repository
URL: http://freimore.uni-freiburg.de/
Country: Germany

Name: Geoscience Data Repository
URL: http://www.nrcan.gc.ca/earth-sciences/home
Country: United States

Name: Hum Box
URL: http://humbox.ac.uk/
Country: United Kingdom

Name: I Cleen
Country: Italy

Name: I-Berry
URL: http://iberry.com/
Country: United States

Name: IG2 – Intergeo
URL: http://i2geo.net/
Country: Germany

Name: Ilumina
URL: http://www.ilumina-dlib.org
Country: United States

Name: Interoperable Interactive Geometry for Europe (I2Geo)
URL: http://igeo.net
Country: Germany

Name: ITSON repositorio de objetos de aprendizaje
URL: http://biblioteca.itson.mx/oa/principal.htm
Country: Mexico

Name: Jorum
URL: http://www.jorum.ac.uk/
Country: United Kingdom

Name: Kursnavet
URL: http://www.kursnavet.se/
Country: Sweden

Name: La Flor (Laclo)
URL: http://laflor.laclo.org/
Country: Undefined (Latin America)

Name: Lab Space
URL: http://labspace.open.ac.uk/
Country: United Kingdom

Name: LeMill
URL: http://lemill.net/
Country: Finland

Name: Maknaz
URL: http://maknaz.elc.edu.sa/
Country: Saudi Arabia

Name: Maricopa Learning Exchange
URL: http://www.mcli.dist.maricopa.edu/mlx/
Country: United States

Name: Matematica Mutimidia
URL: http://www.m3.mat.br/
Country: Brazil

Name: MathWorld
URL: http://mathworld.wolfram.com/
Country: United Kingdom

Name: Materialeplatformen
Country: Denmark

Name: Matematikk
URL: http://www.matematikk.org
Country: Norway

Name: Merlot
URL: http://www.merlot.org
Country: United States

Name: National Learning Network
URL: http://www.nln.ac.uk/
Country: United Kingdom

Name: National Science Digital Library (NSDL)
URL: http://nsdl.org/
Country: United States

URL: http://www.needs.org/
Country: United States

Name: NLDA
URL: http://ndla.no
Country: Norway

Name: NOER
URL: http://nroer.in/home/
Country: India

Name: OER Commons
URL: http://oercommons.org/
Country: United States

Name: OER Equella
URL: http://oer.equella.com/access/home.do
Country: United States

Name: OER Online Archive
URL: http://www.archive.org/
Country: Undefined

Name: Open Educational Resources (OER) Africa
URL: http://www.oerafrica.org/
Country: Kenia

Name: Open Educational Resources for Typography
URL: http://www.oert.org/
Country: Argentina

Name: OpenLearn
URL: http://www.open.edu/openlearn
Country: United Kingdom

Name: OpenLearnWare
URL: https://openlearnware.hrz.tu-darmstadt.de/
Country: Germany

Name: OpenMichigan
URL: http://open.umich.edu/
Country: United States

Name: Open Science Resources
URL: http://www.osrportal.eu/
Country: European Union

Name: Open UCT
URL: http://open.uct.ac.za
Country: South Africa

Name: Organic.Edunet Federation
URL: http://www.organic-edunet.eu/
Country: European Union

URL: http://ostrich.bath.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/49
Country: United Kingdom

Name: OTAN
URL: http://www.otan.us/
Country: United States

Name: Pearson Copyleft
URL: http://www.copyleftpearson.com.br
Country: Brazil

Name: Phet (Physics Education Technology)
URL: http://phet.colorado.edu/en/
Country: United States

Name: Portal das Escolas
URL: https://www.portaldasescolas.pt/
Country: Portugal

Name: Procomún
URL: http://procomun.educalab.es/comunidad/procomun
Country: Spain

Name: Recursos Educacionais Abertos Brasil
URL: http://rea.net.br/site/
Country: Brazil

Name: Repositorio de objetos de aprendizaje
URL: http://roa.mppeu.gob.ve/
Country: Venzuela

Name: Repositorio E-Learning
URL: http://e-repository.tecminho.uminho.pt/
Country: Portugal

Name: Restore
URL: http://www.restore.ac.uk
Country: United Kingdom

Name: RODA
URL: http://roda.culturaextremadura.com/
Country: Spain

Name: RRU Open Educational Resources
URL: http://oer.royalroads.ca/moodle/
Country: Canada

Name: RVP Metodicky Portal
URL: http://dum.rvp.cz/index.html
Country: Czech Republic

Name: Science Attic
URL: http://science-attic.org/
Country: Korea

Name: Skolresurser
URL: http://snar.fo
Country: Faroe Islands

Name: SNAR
URL: http://skolresurser.se
Country: Sweden

Name: Temoa
URL: http://www.temoa.info
Country: Mexico

Name: The Gateway
URL: http://www.thegateway.org/
Country: United States

Name: The Le@rning Federation
URL: http://www.ndlrn.edu.au/default.asp
Country: Australia

Name: The world lecture project
URL: http://www.world-lecture-project.org/
Country: Germany

URL: http://www.unitracc.com/
Country: Germany

Name: University of Leicester OER Repository
URL: http://www2.le.ac.uk/projects/oer
Country: United Kingdom

URL: http://vcampus.uom.ac.mu/lor/index.php?menu=1
Country: Mauritius

Name: Wikiwijs
URL: http://www.wikiwijs.nl/
Country: Netherlands

Name: Wisconsin Online Resource Center
URL: http://www.wisc-online.com/
Country: United States

Name: World History Sources
URL: http://chnm.gmu.edu/worldhistorysources/index.html
Country: United States

Name: Xpert
URL: http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/xpert/
Country: United Kingdom

Name: Zunia
URL: http://openeducation.zunia.org/
Country: United States

Javiera Atenas